The structural approach is based on the belief that in the learning of a foreign language, mastery of structures is more important than the acquisition of vocabulary.” This approach employs techniques of the direct method of teaching but the use of translation is not wholly discarded.
With this method the teacher creates dialogues as the base for the comunnication, which are repeated and variated as a natural dialogue between the student and the teacher. Speeches urge giving stress but reading and writing are not neglected. The structural approach is essentially what the term implies-an approach and not a method as such. There is scope for limitless experimentation in imaginative methods for the classroom.
The structural approach regards speech as important as reading and writing.
The idea is for the students to practice the particular construct until they can use it spontaneously.